What are the 4 Types of Law?

Law is a broad terminology that describes rules and regulations that a certain community or country uses to regulate and control actions of its people/members whilst imposing fines and penalties to those who break the law. If you’ve always been dreaming of being in a field of law as a professional it’s important to research and understand different types of law available so that you can choose your favorite niche comfortably. When you’re applying for a job in any law firm you must explain to them your area of specialization in law and present your qualification credentials. In this article I will discuss different types of law.

1. Criminal Law

In general, criminal law refers to state and federal laws which identifies certain types of behavior as illegal and violators are punished by fines or/and imprisonment. This is the common and most chosen type of law among other types of laws. Every state has its criminal codes which are sanctioned under criminal law, making certain behaviors illegal and punishable. Criminal law lawyers guide and give people insight of criminal laws in their particular jurisdiction when someone breaks a criminal statute/law.

2. International Law

This is a branch of law that comprises of agreements and treaties between different nations to govern the relationship between different nation’s citizens, interaction of nations and business between nations. International law comprises of two categories, that is:

i. Public international Law
This is an area that focuses on relationship between different nations. It sets international standards of behavior and laws that nations should follow in respect to human rights, environment, diplomacy, economics, and seas/oceans.

ii. Private international Law
This type of law deals with controversies in private sector only such as corporations or people who have relationships with other nations. For instance, company emitting poisonous gases which affects welfare of neighboring nations.

3. Corporate Law

A corporation is a legal body which is created for the purpose of doing business. In law, corporate issues are independent and separate from its stakeholders and individual owners. This law is meant to govern how corporations should be formed and how they should make their transactions. Corporate law also regulates duties and rights of the corporate stakeholders, directors, shareholders and creditors. Most of corporations have their own attorney from a reliable law firm to oversee and make sure that all corporations’ actions comply with the federal and state legal requirements.

4. Energy Law

With environmental destruction/pollution risks involved with energy extraction, the need for this law can never be undermined. It guides and regulates engineering, economic, and scientific issues that comes along with energy extraction and sale. Lawyers in this energy business, work with these energy generating companies and municipal utilities to help them in handling issues regarding with energy taxation (extraction taxes) and procurement of licenses and rights to own a land rich in energy. Most of these energy lawyers works are to make sure these companies and other shareholders are in compliant with the state’s regulations and laws.

If you’ve been longing to start a career in law, it’s never too late to start your course. However, before making any commitment to embark on this journey you need to understand what it takes and choose a specialty of law that you like.